Years of sun exposure damage melanocytes, the skin cells that produce melanin. With this damage, the melanocytes start producing extra pigment. This extra pigment results in random dark spots or uneven patches on the skin. This skin condition is known as Melasma or Hyperpigmentation.
Melasma usually affect women and is characterised by large brown-grey patches on the face mainly on the face, upper lip, cheeks, forehead, and between the eyebrows. Hyperpigmentation is aggravated by the hormone oestrogen either in pregnancy or a pill or through a hormone replacement therapy.
Ways to treat Melasma
Exfoliation- It speeds up the rate of cellular renewal allowing the skin pigmentation to fade away
making your skin look smoother.
Hydroquinone: In human medicine, hydroquinone is used as a topical application in skin whitening to reduce the colour of skin by penetrating to the damage melanocyte. The melanocyte will begin to slow down the production of melanin and distribute the melanin more evenly in your skin.
Apply Sunscreen: You must wear SPF 30 sunscreen whenever you go out. Also apply sunscreen in winters and in the rainy season.
Apart from above mentioned treatments, Melasma can also be treated by a combination of different therapies including:
- Light chemical peels
- Tropical lightener
- Vitamin A
VISIA Complexion Analysis
Melasma is classified as Epidermal and Dermal. This classification can be determined by VISIA complexion analysis.
For treating Melasma, look for a skin care clinic nearby you. Contact them and take an appointment. The medical practitioner will assess your skin first and then recommend you the options. Also clear all your queries regarding the treatment.
Also check for the important credentials of the clinic like registration and license. If you can take a list of their former patients, contact them and ask their experience with the clinic.
When in Sydney, you can contact La Sante Medi Spa. It is a medical skin care clinic and day spa that offer special services, premium products and advanced equipment to offer medical and laser skin treatments. Apart from chemical peels, they also use Jane Iredale, a cosmetic mineral makeup that can help to camouflage Melasma. It contains a blend of minerals and pigments that are micro-pulverised, allowing the skin to breathe.